Oil on canvas, 23.82 x 28.94 in (60.5 x 73.5 cm), signed lower right ‚A. Vollon'. Housed in a quality frame, size 31.1 x 36.01 in. (79 x 91,5 cm ).
Private collection, Bordeaux, France
Price: € 16.000 / $ 18,000
The landscape under bright blue sky is in the overall composition of an artist committed to realism. However Vollon was an unusually courageous painter who always wanted to go beyond the imaging representation.
In the execution of the field and the haystacks the impressionist tendencies of Vollon are recognizable. Accordingly, he describes the sun in the sky in its effect; representing a small yellow bundle of rays analogous to the haystacks,
Lyon born Antoine Vollon first received artistic training at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in his hometown. He then went to Paris and trained under Augustin Théodule Ribot.
In 1864 Vollon was debuting with a still life in occasion of the great exhibition of the Paris Salon. In his early work Vollon's themes consisted mostly of still lifes and kitchen interiors, later continuing with landscapes and views of Paris and other cities.
In his time he was considered the most important still life painter in France, so he was christened 'the Chardin of the nineteenth century'.
As a friend of Daubigny, Corot and Boudin his work was championed by prominent critics such as Jules Castagnary and Edmond Renoir (the brother of the Impressionist Auguste Renoir).
The writer Alexandre Dumas acquired a considerable number of drawings and paintings. In the United States the collector Henry Clay Frick in New York, Potter Palmer in Chicago and Erwin Davis of New York and Paris were his customers.
The American Impressionist William Merritt Chase, whose technical bravura has much in common with that of Vollon, acquired a total of no less than twenty works of his fellow painter.
Vollon was an active participant in the Paris Salon for over thirty years and received a number of prestigious awards. He was an honoured knight of the Legion of Honor and in 1897 became a member of the Academy of Fine Arts.
On August 27, 1900 Antoine Vollon died in Paris at the age of 66.
After his death he was likely associated with the traditionalists. In our time we see the exceptional effect he creates which gives the viewer a completely new way of looking at objects and the nature.
Ever since the comprehensive retrospective of the New York Wildenstein Gallery involving large museums like the Metropolitan Museum of Art, his works are again in the front rows of exhibitions and publications.
Characteristic of the work of Vollon is the use of color accents and the representation of moods by variations of light and shade.
But above all, the artist distinguishes himself with a sweeping, fluid stroke technique from which the haptic technique is directly designed.
Critics of our time recognize the artist as follows:
'At his best, he was a master of the paint medium, slathering on pigment in quick Manet-like strokes and working it with his fingers, hands, nails, brush handle and anything else around.' (Grace Glueck, The New York Times, December 24, 2004)
'His work is a feast for our eyes….' (Sylvia Hochfield Art News January 2005, p. 124.)
Etienne Martin, Antoine Vollon, peintre (1833-1900), Académie Marseille, 1923
Carol Forman Tabler, The Landscape Paintings of Antoine Vollon: A Catalogue and an Analysis, 2 vols., PhD. dissertation, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1995
Carol Forman Tabler, Antoine Vollon, A Painter's Painter, Wildenstein Inc., NY, 2004
Artworks by Vollon in public collections:
Brodie Castle, The National Trust for Scotland
Scottish National Gallery Edinburgh
Glasgow Museums Resource Centre (GMRC)
The Burrell Collection, Glasgow
The Bowes Museum, Barbard Castle, Newgate
The Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, Oxford
Manchester Art Gallery
Tate Gallery, London
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
Musée d'Orsay, Paris (5 Gemälde)
Musée du Louvre, Paris
Musée National Jean-Jacques Henner, Paris
Musée de l'Oise, Beauvais
Château-Musée, Dieppe (4 paintings)
Musée Grobet-Labadié, Marseille (6 paintings)
Musée maritime de l'Ile Tatihou Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue (2 paintings)
Musée de Brou, Bourg-en-Bresse
Musée des beaux-arts Caen
Musée des beaux-arts Dijon
Musée des beaux-arts Lille
Musée des beaux-arts Lyon (2 Gemälde)
Musée des beaux-arts Pau
Musée des beaux-arts Rouen
Musée des beaux-arts Valenciennes
Musée national, Magnin
Musée d'Art et d'Histoire Baron Gérard, Bayeux
Centraal Museum, Utrecht (5 paintings)
Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Gent
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
Brooklyn Museum, New York City
Frick Collection, New York City
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts
Harvard University Art Museums, Massachusetts
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana
Philadelphia Museum of Art
National Gallery of Victoria
National Gallery of Canberra